Individuals with sizable capital gains are looking for proactive solutions to address their taxable event.


The QOZ program, made available under the 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, is one option gaining a lot of interest. The QOZ Program was created to encourage investment in designated communities across the U.S. by providing certain tax incentives in return for committing long-term capital to these communities through investment vehicles known as Qualified Opportunity Funds (“QOFs”). Generally, to receive the QOZ Program tax benefits, eligible capital gains must be reinvested in a QOF within 180 days from the sale of a capital asset. However, the QOZ Program final regulations released on December 19, 2019 provide additional flexibility for K-1 partnership gains including the ability of a partner to start his or her 180-day window on the date the partnership’s tax return is due, without extension (March 15th for a calendar year partnership).


QOZs are designated census tracts throughout the United States that have been selected by state governors and certified by the U.S. Department of Treasury for inclusion in the QOZ Program. Each state governor was allowed to nominate up to 25 percent of the state’s qualifying census tracts for inclusion in the QOZ Program. In total, there are over 8,700 QOZs spread across all 50 states, D.C., and several U.S. territories.

Investors, which can be individuals and certain entities, may receive a combination of potential tax benefits when short and/or long-term capital gains are invested in a QOF and held for the required time-frame. A QOF is an investment vehicle organized as either a partnership or corporation that invests at least 90% of its assets in Qualified Opportunity Zone Property (“QOZ Property”). QOZ Property includes a wide variety of real estate and new or existing businesses, including commercial real estate, housing, infrastructure, and start-up businesses located in QOZs. QOFs can hold single or multiple assets. The investments made by QOFs are intended to drive economic growth and job creation in the communities in which the investments are made.


The potential tax benefits of investing in a QOF apply to federal income taxes and may also be available in certain states (see specific guidelines for appropriate state of residence). The potential tax benefits fall into two primary categories:

DEFERRAL Generally, if a taxpayer invests the capital gain from the sale of a qualifying asset into a QOF within 180 days of recognizing the gain, taxes on such proceeds may be deferred until the earlier of December 31, 20261 or when the QOF investment is sold.

ELIMINATION Investors who hold their investment for at least ten years receive a step-up in basis which means they pay no tax on the appreciation of their QOF investment upon disposition or through 2047, whichever occurs first, regardless of the size of the potential profit.2 In addition, the step-up in basis eliminates any depreciation recapture tax that would otherwise be owed upon sale.

All investments involve risk, and the realization of the benefits is dependent on proper structuring and the structure and performance of the future investments selected. Not all investments will provide all of these benefits.

1 A 10% step-up in basis was available for investments made prior to December 31, 2021 and an additional 5% step-up in basis was available for investments made prior to December 31, 2019.

2 Assumes that the investor is a resident of a state that conforms with the QOZ Program or a no state income tax state, otherwise the investor will owe tax on any realized gain in investor’s state.


Amongst other requirements, a gain is eligible for deferral if it is from the sale or exchange of property with an unrelated party (not more than 20 percent common ownership) and the gain is treated as a capital gain (short-term or long-term) for federal income tax purposes, including gains from:

  • Stocks, bonds, options, hedge funds
  • Primary and secondary residences
  • Businesses, machinery, commercial buildings
  • Land, livestock, art, wine, automobiles

The period to invest gains into a QOF and be eligible for the applicable tax benefits is generally 180 days from the date the gain would be realized for federal income tax purposes. However, there are now extensions allowing for more time.


The final regulations provide additional flexibility for K-1 partnership gains resulting in additional planning options for financial advisors. Assuming a calendar-year partnership, K-1 partnership gains realized on or after January 1, 2023, have until September 11, 2024 to complete an investment in a QOF. If the proceeds came from a blown 1031 exchange, investors may have additional time to complete a QOF investment.


Investors who have filed and/or paid capital gains taxes on 2023 or 2024 tax returns may still be able to complete a QOF investment. Due to the complexities of the QOZ Program, individuals considering an investment in a QOF should consult a qualified professional for financial, tax, and legal advice.


Cantor Fitzgerald, with over 12,000 employees, is a leading global financial services group at the forefront of financial and technological innovation and has been a proven and resilient leader since 1945. Cantor Fitzgerald & Co. is a preeminent investment bank serving more than 5,000 institutional clients around the world, recognized for its strengths in fixed income and equity capital markets, investment banking, SPAC underwriting and PIPE placements, prime brokerage, asset management, commercial real estate, infrastructure and for its global distribution platform. Cantor Fitzgerald & Co. is one of the 24 primary dealers authorized to transact business with the Federal Reserve Bank of New York.

Cantor Fitzgerald Asset Management has more than $13 billion in AUM across real assets strategies, mutual funds, separately managed accounts, and exchangetraded funds with over 100 dedicated professionals. In 2022, Cantor Fitzgerald’s family of real estate businesses completed approximately $118 billion in real estate-related transactions with expertise across investing, leasing, managing, and financing. For more information, please visit:

3 Cantor Fitzgerald refers to Cantor Fitzgerald L.P. and all its affiliates and subsidiaries.

The information contained herein is not an offer to sell or a solicitation of an offer to buy any securities and is for training and educational purposes only. Such an offer or solicitation can be made only through the Confidential Private Placement Memorandum relating to an offering. An investment in real estate carries certain risks including but not limited to a lack of liquidity and potential loss of principal.

Cantor Fitzgerald and its affiliates do not provide tax, legal, or accounting advice. This material has been prepared for informational purposes only, and is not intended to provide, and should not be relied on for, tax, legal, or accounting advice. You should consult your own tax, legal, and accounting professionals before engaging in any transaction.